Magento was started in 2007 by Varien Inc, a US private company based in Culver City, California. Magento 2 is the successor of the Magento released in 2007. Released in November 2015, it retains many of the appraised features of its predecessor- Magento. Interestingly, with the release of Magento 2, the prior version didn’t go out of service. People depending on their personal preference still, use both versions.
It is so designed that anyone can use its facilities even if the user is not a developer. Its community is also beneficial while having trouble dealing with the Magento. Though after a certain point of time, a developer is required, to make specific changes which otherwise will be impossible to achieve. In short words, it is a very robust system even at it’s basic.
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Magento 2 has made online marketing easier for both the merchants and their customer. With such a huge platform, it is important to secure data of both the merchant and the customer. This article is primarily talking about Magento 2 security & implementation of steps. Also, treat this as a pre-hack ritual book.
Below are 25 Magento 2 Security Practices for your store:
1. Choose a reputable Web Hosting Service
It is important to have the best hosting service. A good web hosting service will have regular security updates and robust support. Make sure you verify the hosting provider’s authority before you take the plunge. Check its reviews and ratings. Further, shared hosting is often a risk to your website.
2. Use Strong Passwords
The new feature of Magento 2 helps to force the user to have a password of a certain kind, like using case sensitive and numerical password. Strong password avoids the possibility of getting guessed. Use this guide to create safe and secure passwords.
3. Use difficult login names
Use obscure login names. Many stores get hacked due to guessable names and password. Try to keep it difficult. Restrain yourself from using your own name, admin, website’s name, as the username. Many a time, insecure login credentials lead to the admin panel hacked in Magento.
4. Backup your store
While running a Magento store, make sure to keep a regular external backup of the data. In case of any issue, the data will be safe. Three types of data backups are provided- once a day, at the same time, and once a week. Choose the one more convenient and try to back up when the web traffic is low.
5. Create a disaster recovery plan
Backups are used when facing an unanticipated situation. Ensure that the backups are taken regularly and can be restored. Always watch for unauthorized transactions and alert your customers if any incident is noted. In case of an attack, reset all the credentials including the database even if the attack seems to be small.
6. Use a Firewall
A firewall checks the traffic inflow to your website. Having an efficient firewall is great way to block malicious traffic from coming to your website and an even great way to monitor your website ceaselessly.
The Astra firewall provides various other utilities besides continuous monitoring for your website. It allows you to facilitate IP blocking & whitelisting, country blocking & whitelisting, GDPR consent bar, etc. on a click of a button.
7. Change the Admin URL
Admin URL is the first place hackers visit to gain unauthorized access to the store. Device a URL which is unique and only the team members should know apart from the admin. It provides due protection to your Magento store.
For detailed steps with videos & infographic follow – Astra’s Magento 2 Security Guide
8. Secure the device
Apart from the software, it is equally important to secure the hardware. Secure the device you use to log in into Magento store. Using a paid antivirus and firewall will do the job. A system saves all the login credentials, and if the system gets compromised, then the account might get compromised too.
9. Use different passwords
Don’t use the same password for every account. Use different and difficult passwords for different accounts.
10. Disable multiple computer logins
While using multiple systems, it is sometimes normal to forget to log out. With the new feature of Magento 2, one can only log in through one device at a time. Go to stores > configuration > admin > security and disable multiple computer logins. Now the store can be accessed from only one device.
11. Use SSL on your backend
It encrypts both the admin and the customer data submitted through the site. Not having SSL can let a hacker intercept sensitive information such as passwords, financial details, personal details, etc. For a site dealing with hundreds of transactions, an SSL is a must. This will ensure protection for your customers as well.
12. Limit session times
It is important to block a transaction after a certain time to save the user data from getting misused. It is best to keep the time under one hour.
13. Define User Roles
With Magento 2, the admin can assign roles to the users. Assigning roles to the users is important to avoid any confusion of responsibility.
14. Don’t share User logins
It is unprofessional to share login details not only on Magento but also with other sites. Always try to avoid sharing login credentials to others.
15. Password updates
This is an interesting feature provided by Magento 2. With this, the admin will be able to change the password after certain days, which is also determined by the admin.
16. Case-sensitive logins
It is one of the best ways to avoid forced access through login credentials. Case sensitive logins are difficult to guess and hence are safe.
17. Remove old users
Remove users whose services are no longer required. It is a professional approach to safeguard the store.
18. Check for new admin users
When an account gets hacked, the hacker usually adds another user for easy access. Make a habit of checking the user list for any suspicious user.
19. Avoid using untrusted software on your server
Always try to avoid suspicious software on the server. If it gets hacked, then it may compromise all the data present in the server.
20. Don’t save passwords in FTP Programs
While using FTP programs, the passwords are saved in the hard drive in text format. It is easily accessible on a shared computer. Avoid Saving passwords in FTP while working on a shared device.
21. Third-Party Support
While using 3rd party supports, make sure not to provide them with the login credentials or root-level access.
22. Update Your Extensions
Not all extensions provide notification for their updates. Make sure to check for any updates available regularly.
23. Update Patches For Magento 2
It is obvious to keep the Magento updated to be able to use all the features. An outdated Magento is more prone to attack. Moreover, Magento is very frequent in releasing security patches. Being prompt in installing them would save your store from an unanticipated attack.
24. Magento 2 Security Scan
Regular security scans are a must for maintaining a secure website. Astra’s malware scanner detects malware and infections in your Magento store. It also allows you to delete those malicious files from the dashboard itself.
Magento 2, a strong platform with a huge support community who work actively on reporting security risks and fixes. Despite that, taking a farsighted step to ensure your website security will always increase the longevity of the site and also gives trust to your customers. Follow these practices and reach your e-commerce goals!
Website security is a crucial component to safeguard your websites and servers. Enterprise systems are always at a high risk of data breaches. It is a vital part to ensure the security of your website. Astra visions to make your business security a five-minute affair. It promises to secure your business with no ifs and buts.